Explore the Wild is a Nature series produced by www.VideoFort.com in partnership with REP Interactive. In this series, VideoFort will take you on a tour of the world’s most exotic locations and teach you about the planet’s most exotic animals. In this episode on Explore the Wild, we feature the Arctic Wolf. You will learn interesting facts about the species and their natural habitat.
The arctic wolf, also called snow wolf or white wolf, is a subspecies of the gray wolf. Arctic wolves inhabit the Canadian Arctic, Alaska and the northern parts of Greenland. They also have white fur and long canine teeth for killing their prey.
Arctic wolves are smaller than grey wolves, they also have smaller ears and shorter muzzles to retain body heat.
They are carnivores, living mainly on muskox, Arctic hares and caribou.
Arctic Wolves usually travel in packs of 2 to 20. They live in small family groups: a breeding pair (alpha male and female) and their pups, or as baby wolves. The pack works together to feed and care for their pups. Lone arctic wolves are young males that have left their pack to seek their own territories.
As the permafrost (permanently frozen ground) prevents the Arctic wolf from digging a den, they typically live in rocky outcrops or caves. Each year the mother wolf gives birth to two or three pups.
Unlike other species of wolf, the Arctic wolf rarely comes into contact with human so does not face the threat of hunting or persecution. However, the greatest threat to the Arctic wolf is climate change. Extreme weather variations in recent years have made it difficult for populations of muskox and Arctic hares to find food, and this has caused a decline in numbers. In turn, this has reduced the traditional food supply of the Arctic wolf. Industrial development also poses a threat to the wolf, as an increasing number of mines, roads and pipelines encroach on the wolf?s territory, and interrupt its food supply.